In Tim O’Reilly’s article “Web Squared: Web 2.0 Five Years On” he talks a lot about the use of sensors and how they have revolutionized he world changing Web 2.0 to becoming Web Squared. He provides the example of products that use multiple sources of sensory data such as Goog 411, a camera with GPS that instantly tags the photo location, and Apples face recognition software . How have they contributed to the shift from Web 2.0 to Web Squared? And how will these sensory data applications changing the way we live?
One of the most interesting quotes in Kevin Kelly’s TED speech entitled “The Next 5,000 days of the Internet” was when Kelly says, “Humans are the extended senses of the machines”. In the days before the internet, machines were the extended senses of humans. Humans depend less on memorization when simply they can Google the information they need (also as seen in class with WolframAlpha).
What, in your opinion does the quote “Humans are the extended senses of the machines” mean to you? Can you give an example of a website that fits this quote?
This week, we enabled the Wordpress blog to be able to “Post via e-mail”, where we created a dedicated gmail account titled, “cs299001posttoblog” to be able to send emails, where the “Subject” will be the new Topic line of the blog and the body of the email will be the blog post. We were able to complete this using the directions from http://codex.wordpress.org/Post_to_your_blog_using_email
-Brice Soucy, Kathleen Spinello and Tim Veitch
If this shows up, it worked.
If this shows up, it worked.
If this works, it means we got the post to blog via em=
Comment on any one of these quotes from Kevin Kelly. Use your understanding of the video as well as your personal experience to inform your thoughtful responses:
- “It’s amazing and we’re not amazed.” What on the Web do you take for granted?
- “We have to get better at believing in the impossible.” What is an example of something that seems impossible that the Web makes possible? What features of the Web make it so?
- “Total personalization will require total transparency.” What issues around privacy and ownership of data arise as a result of living in a world where everything is connected?
- “We are the One.” Kevin Kelly suggests the Internet is becoming a single global machine that he calls “The One” and ends the video by suggesting that “We are the One.” How are we becoming the Internet?
In Chapter 10: Anderson discussed the benefit of “increasing returns” where fixed costs are high, and because marginal costs are low -> the more you make, the more your profit margin:
-“reward for max strategy:” spreads fixed costs over a larger quantity, but only works if you can keep competition at bay: 20th Century was full of ways to do it, like:
-copyrights and trademarks
-strong arm tactics with retailers
Most don’t work as well as they used to because of:
1. piracy, as technologies of duplication become widespread
2. worldwide patents are hard, China
3. Distribution moves online: infinite shelf space, impossible to keep comps away from consumers
But then: The Internet: “Combined the democratized of production (computers), with democratized tools of distribution (networks)” and created “A truly competitive market”
--> Therefore: Anderson claims the Bertrand model became the law of pricing online
Question: Despite this sounding very persuasive when listening to Anderson’s cogent writing style, the conclusion that the internet has become a truly competitive market is not wholly true as there are clear near-monopoly players on the internet as the very nature of internet companies is to become “everything to everyone” (Think of the juggernaut that Google has become). How have these companies succeeded in “keeping competition at bay”? Are they using ways Anderson describe as being used in the 20th Century (like Anderson discussed that MSFT did)? Or are there new rules to competing online? Does this make Anderson’s discussion moot?
In Chapter 9 Anderson attempts to calculate size of Free World using the amount of labor expended there in:
-Kevin Kelly: GOOG says 1 trillion unique urls
- say on average each page takes 1 hr of research to produce
-is 1 trillion hours over 15 years building the web = 32 million people working
-40% done for free = 13 million people, if only paid $20,000 = $260 billion
Question: From this, Anderson concludes: “Free is in short a country-size economy, and not a little one either” , which according to Wikipedia, would rank it between Norway and Ukraine by Gross Domestic Product size. Considering what we have learned in CS299, and after watching Kevin Kelly’s video on the next 5000 days of the web, how would you alter these assumptions? Does your new estimate come out to be larger or smaller? Does this make the discussion of the Free economy more or less relevant?
When discussing music and books in Chapter 8, Anderson stated some general points:
-MUSIC: every market outside of labels is growing, especially concerts as result of free music getting around
-some bands make 90%, like Rolling Stones, of profit from tickets
-concerts have memorable experiences- have no limit to them
-Books: physical form is still in existence
-Books and Music: preferred form is still atoms, not bits -> still have portability, the demand for digital is growing fast -> can get instantaneously
-most based on freemium, well-formatted pdf -> make max # sample so some will buy
-still have doubts: “enemy of the author is not piracy, but scarcity” -> as long as they want books in atom form, will continue to pay for them
Question: In what ways has the combination of digital books and digital music on one device (the iPad) changed the game of Anderson’s comments? Or has it?